The NATO SOFA exempts military personnel from any visa requirements. Uniformed personnel may enter Italy on solely their military orders, CAC, and NATO Travel Orders, although note that NATO Travel Orders are rarely issued for inbound PCSing personnel who routinely enter with only their CAC and PCS orders. However, if your new duty station will require you to travel on official business to non-NATO countries, you are authorized to obtain a Special Issuance Official (maroon) passport.
To obtain NATO travel orders, see your Service’s personnel section.
To obtain an Official passport please follow the DD Form 1056 instructions provided in the link below.
If you find that you require an Official passport once you have reported to your duty station, please find information below.
Additionally, it is recommended that military personnel obtain a Regular “Tourist Passport” (blue) for unofficial “personal” travel (most hotels require passports for identification). Military personnel can apply for a Tourist passport prior to their departure or through their regional American Consulate once in Italy.